How to treat Acne


Acne is one of the most common skin conditions in the world, particularly among teenagers. People of all ages can develop acne. Adult acne can be interpreted in 2 ways i.e. acne that develops when one is an adult, or acne that persists from earlier years and continues to develop after 25 years of age. Adult acne impacts up to 15% of women and is less frequently found in men. Acne can occur anywhere on one’s body. The most common areas where acne is found is on the check, shoulders, back and face.  

Causes of Acne


All types of acne are linked hormonally, however flare-ups can occur. These flare-ups commonly occur during pregnancy, pre-menstruation, during menopause and when one discontinues consumption of the oral contraceptive pill. 

Genetic or Hereditary Factors

More acute chronic forms of acne are commonly inherited from parents.

Medication Side-Effect

Acne can be triggered or worsened through progesterone that is consumed orally or via implantation under the skin, or from an intrauterine device. Oral, as well as topical corticosteroids can also cause acne. Likewise, oral mood stabilisers can also aggrevate acne.


Research suggests that there is a colleration between stress and acne. Our bodies respond to stress by producing more of the male hormone, which triggers the oil glands to produce more sebum. This results in acne flare-ups. This illustrates why acne can be a continuous issue when we find ourselves under perpetual stress.


Exorbitant consumption of dairy products and refined sugars has been proven to worsen acne.

Skincare Products

Those who suffer from adult acne should carefully read the labels of their skincare products; they should avoid ingredients that are too rich, thick or greasy. One should always search for products that are oil-free as well as non-comedogenic. 

Treatment Options

Most people who suffer from adult acne typically have more oily skin and thus it is recommended to use a gentle foaming cleanser that would not cause skin irritations. There are numerous topical skin treatments that will assist in treating the acne. The following ingredients are best known for treating acne: niacinamide, salicylic acid, tea tree oil, benzoyl peroxide and azelaic acid.  

If the acne is more acute, then oral tetracyclines might be recommended. However, these cannot be used for an extended period of time.  

Isotretinoin is an antidote that is orally taken. It’s able to cure acne and is often prescribed to patients. It is typically a 6-7 month course, whereby at the end of the course, there is an estimated 85% chance that the acne will be completely cleared and will not return. This medication is extremely strong and therefore needs to be prescribed by a medical professional with consistent visits to your dermatologist. 

If the individual who suffers from acne is disinclined to take oral antibiotics, seek hormonal treatment or Isotretinoin, there are other options available. Make an appointment with your dermatologist to get the best advice on how to get rid of your acne.